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Docker file

A Dockerfile is a plain text file containing all the commands needed to build an image. Dockerfiles are written in a minimal scripting language designed for building and configuring images. They document the operations required to build an image, starting with a base image.

Sample Dockerfile
COPY myapp_code .
RUN dotnet build -c Release -o /rel
ENTRYPOINT ["dotnet", "myapp.dll"]

By convention, applications meant to be packaged as Docker images typically have a Dockerfile located in the root of their source code, and it's almost always named Dockerfile.

The docker build command creates a new image by running a Dockerfile. The syntax or this command has several parameters:

  • The f flag indicates the name of the Dockerfile to use.
  • The t flag specifies the name of the image to be created, in this example, myapp:v1.
  • The final parameter, ., provides the build context for the source files for the COPY command: the set of files on the host computer needed during the build process.
docker build -t myapp:v1 .

Behind the scenes, the docker build command creates a container, runs commands in it, then commits the changes to a new image


  • Create a Dockerfile for a new container image based on a starter image from Docker Hub
  • Add files to an image using Dockerfile commands
  • Configure an image's startup command with Dockerfile commands
  • Build and run a web application packaged in a Docker image
  • Deploy a Docker image using the Azure Container Instance service

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